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General Dentistry

Family Dentistry

Family Dentistry



A filling is used to repair a tooth that has a cavity or chipped. It can also close spaces between teeth. After removing the decayed part, the cavity will be filled with a filling material.

Composite fillings ( White Fillings)  and Silver fillings ( Amalgam Fillings) are two  of the materials that are usually used to fill cavities.

There are also other types of restorations to fill cavities like lab made inlays and onlays.  Inlay and onlays are bonded or cemented to the teeth and last longer than direct fillings. Inlays and Onlays are made of Porcelain or Gold. Your dentist may discuss which option is more recommended to restore your tooth.


Composite Filling

White Filling

Composite fillings are also called white fillings. These fillings will be the same colour as your natural teeth.  They are direct fillings, and are done in one appointment.


  • The tooth will be prepped more conservatively because the filling bonds to the tooth structure.

  • Composite fillings are boned to the remaining tooth structure and hold the remaining structure together.

  • If another part of the tooth decays or breaks it is usually possible to fix that part with another composite filling without need to replace the previous filling.


Amalgam Filling

Silver Filling

Amalgam fillings are also called “silver” fillings. These fillings are silver in colour and are usually used to fill the back teeth. They are a mix of metals such as silver, copper and tin and mercury. They   are direct fillings and one visit to your dentist will do the job.  The silver colour may not appeal to some people who want a natural look. A small amount of mercury is used to bind the metals together in this type of filling, however, for most people this bit of mercury is nothing to worry about. They have been used for more than 150 years. The teeth need to be prepped more for mechanical retention and the chance of tooth breaking or chipping in future is more with this kind of filling.



An inlay is a lab made filling fitted into the grooves of a tooth and does not extend over the cusps of tooth. This is one of the restorations used to repair a tooth after it sustains harm from injury or decay that does not affect the cusps of the tooth. The dentist removes the decay in the tooth and takes an impression and sends it to a laboratory where the inlay is made. The dentist will place a temporary inlay at the same appointment.  At the next appointment the lab made inlay will be bonded or cemented to the tooth. Inlays are made from porcelain or gold material. A porcelain inlay matches the color of the tooth and provides almost invisible restoration while repairing the chewing surface. Dental inlays are usually more durable than fillings made from composite or amalgam.



An onlay is  used to repair a tooth that has more extensive damage affecting the cusp or tips of the tooth and  the biting surface. The dentist will clean out the cavity, remove any decayed tooth structure and insert a temporary dental onlay, while sending off the onlay impression to the laboratory.  At the next visit (a couple of weeks later) the dentist removes the temporary onlay and bonds or cements the dental onlay in its place.


Porcelain Crown

Porcelain Bridge

Crowns or Caps cover damaged teeth to restore it's original shape. Crowns protect and strengthen teeth structure where fillings or other types of restorations are not suitable.

A Dental Bridge is a fixed or removable appliance with artificial teeth to replace the missing ones.



Porcelain Crowns And Bridges

Porcelain Crowns And Bridges


Fixed bridges

Missing teeth can have a negative effect on both the oral health and the personal confidence. It can be hard to chew, and in some instances may affect the speech too. If the space is not properly filled the other teeth gradually shift and misaligned.                

Tooth loss happens for many several reasons:

  • Severe gum disease

  • A split tooth that can not be fixed

  • Structural loss beyond repair

  • Accidents

Regardless the reason for tooth loss, it is possible to fill the space. This has many benefits:

  • Prevents tooth shifting

  • Improved oral health and therefore quality of life

  • Maintain the shape of your jaw and face

  • Ability to speak, eat and smile normally

  • Increased confidence


What Are Dental Bridges?

A dental bridge is a fixed appliance with artificial teeth to replace missing teet

Dental bridges are one of the options to replace missing teeth.

Dental bridges are permanent, prosthetic sets of teeth that can be placed in the mouth. They allow you to eat, drink, smile and talk like you normally would.

The color can be matched precisely to the teeth and they are made to fit to the bite and adjacent teeth. They look and feel like real teeth and they do not have to be removed like dentures.


How Do Dental Bridges Work?

Bridges are attached permanently to the surrounding teeth. They fill the gap between the teeth.

A dental bridge usually contains two crowns, and an artificial tooth in between the crowns. Your neighboring teeth are prepped to accommodate the bridge.

The crowns act as two anchors that hold the artificial tooth in the middle and held in place by the neighboring anchor teeth.



Root Canal Treatment

Endodontic Therapy

A root canal treatment is performed to save and repair a severely broken or infected tooth.

Some signs and symptoms of endodontic problems are:

  • Severe tooth ache

  • Tenderness when chewing and biting

  • Tenderness in the gums

  • Prolonged sensitivity to hot drinks or food

  • Tooth discoloration

Root Canal Treatment involves removing the pulp (the live tissue inside the tooth), cleaning and disinfecting root canals and then filling and sealing it.

The common causes that disturb the pulp are:

  • A Deep Cavity

  • A cracked Tooth

  • Repeated dental treatment

  • Or Trauma.

            Root canal treatment will help:

  • Preserve your appearance by retaining the affected tooth

  • Allow chewing with comfort

  • Maintain neighboring teeth in their positions

Most teeth can be saved by endodontic therapy. However, tooth extraction may be necessary if:

  • Roots are fractured

  • The root does not have adequate bone support

  • The tooth can not be restored

  • Root canals are calcified and are not accecible



Oral Surgery & Tooth Removal

Teeth may require extractions for a variety of reasons.  Some of these are:

  • Severe gum disease

  • A split tooth which may require removal

  • Structure loss beyond repair

  • Problematic wisdom teeth




Wisdom Teeth

Third Molars

A wisdom tooth or third molar is the most posterior of the three molars of the human dentition. Wisdom teeth generally erupt between the ages of 17 and 20. Most adults have four wisdom teeth, one in each of the four quadrant of the mouth. It is possible to have fewer, more or none. Extra wisdom teeth are called supernumerary teeth. When wisdom teeth align properly, and there is adequate room for them to erupt, they do not have to be removed. This does not usually happen. They may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum or even trap beneath the gum, bone and adjacent teeth. The extraction of wisdom teeth is necessary when they can not properly erupt and align with the other teeth.  

Should wisdom teeth be taken out?

 The dentist will evaluate the position of the wisdom teeth with x-ray and oral examination and predicts if there may be present or future problems.  Wisdom teeth are generally first evaluated in the mid -teenage years by the dentists and the decision will be made to wait for more development or removal.

Poorly positioned impacted wisdom teeth can become problematic. Bacteria can grow around the partially erupted wisdom teeth and cause infection, resulting in swelling and pain. Other complications associated with wisdom teeth are cysts and tumors formed around wisdom teeth. Early removal is recommended to reduce the risks associated with these complications.